Posted on November 6, 2016
The role of interstate pipelines in transporting natural gas
The well-organized and effectual movement of natural gas from the regions where it is produced to the regions where it is consumed needs a wide and sophisticated system. In most cases, natural gas generated from a specific well will undergo traveling a large distance until it reaches the point where it will be used. The transporting natural gas system contains a complicated networking of pipes, made to rapidly and effectively transport the gas from its original local region to the regions with the high demand for gas. The action of transporting natural gas is intimately connected with the storage.
In some cases, the transportation of natural gas is not immediately required so it is vital to put the gas into a safe storage so that it can be utilized in the need of hour. There are many kinds of pipelines but three are major when talking about transportation route as following:
- The gathering system
- The interstate pipeline system
- The distribution system
When talking about gathering system, it is based on low pressure with small pipelines that are responsible for transporting natural gas in raw form out of the wellhead to the plant where it will be processed. Natural gas coming out of a specific well contains sulfur at a high level as well as carbon dioxide which is a sour gas. In order to cope with carbon dioxide toxic effects, specially designed sour gas pipes are needed to be installed before the process goes ahead. Carbon dioxide is acidic, therefore transporting natural gas out of the wellhead to its sweetening plant needs special care. It is vital to review the processing and treatment of natural gas.
You can characterize pipelines as intrastate or interstate. Intrastate pipelines act in transporting natural gas within a specific circumstance. On the contrary, interstate pipelines take after interstate highway system. These pipes carry natural gas across the state boundary, in a few circumstances, across the country. To better understand the entire process of transporting natural gas, the study of interstate pipelines is taken into account comprehensively.
The interstate natural gas pipeline networking is used to transport under process natural gas the plant of processing to the regions where natural gas is highly required. Gas is mostly required in densely populated urban areas where there are innumerable factories and houses etc. It is noteworthy that the network of pipelines is spread all over the country.
Interstate pipelines are the key modes of transporting natural gas from one place to another as stated above. That is why; these are termed as ‘Highway of gas transmission’. Natural gas which is usually transported by means of interstate pipelines goes ahead at a high level of pressure inside the pipeline network, from 250 to 1600 pounds psi. It abates the volume of transporting natural gas. Interstate pipelines comprise a load of components that vouch for proficiency and trustworthiness in a system which delivers this vitally significant energy all the year long, 24 hours with various components and other accessories.